Read e-book online An Analytic Dictionary of English Etymology: An Introduction PDF

By Anatoly Liberman

ISBN-10: 0816652724

ISBN-13: 9780816652723

This paintings introduces well known linguistics pupil Anatoly Liberman’s accomplished dictionary and bibliography of the etymology of English phrases. The English etymological dictionaries released long ago declare to have solved the mysteries of note origins even if these origins were generally disputed. An Analytic Dictionary of English Etymology in contrast, discusses the entire latest derivations of English phrases and proposes the easiest one.   within the inaugural quantity, Liberman addresses fifty-five phrases commonly disregarded as being of unknown etymology. the various entries are one of the most typically used phrases in English, together with guy, boy, lady, fowl, mind, comprehend, key, ever, and but. Others are slang: mooch, nudge, pimp, filch, gawk, and skedaddle. Many, similar to beacon, oat, hemlock, ivy, and toad, have existed for hundreds of years, while a few have seemed extra lately, for instance, slang, kitty-corner, and Jeep. they're all united via their etymological obscurity.   This particular source booklet discusses the most difficulties within the technique of etymological learn and includes indexes of topics, names, and the entire root phrases. every one access is a full-fledged article, laying off mild for the 1st time at the resource of a few of the main extensively disputed be aware origins within the English language.   “Anatoly Liberman is likely one of the top students within the box of English etymology. certainly his paintings could be an imperative device for the continuing revision of the etymological component to the entries within the Oxford English Dictionary.” —Bernhard Diensberg, OED advisor, French etymologies   Anatoly Liberman is professor of Germanic philology on the collage of Minnesota. He has released many works, together with sixteen books, so much lately notice Origins . . . and the way we all know Them: Etymology for everybody.

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ModE adze has been monosyllabic only since the seventeenth century. The word has no established cognates, though it resembles the names of the adz and the hammer in many languages. ’ The names of tools are among the most common migratory words (Wanderwörter and Kulturwörter). Adz seems to be one of them. BEACON (900) OE be@acen goes back to *baukn-. It has cognates in all the Old Germanic languages except Gothic. The earliest sign for ships was probably *bak-, preserved as LG bak and MDu baec. *Bak- must have been one of the words designating objects capable of inflating themselves and making noise.

The sections are devoted to 1) the form of the English word, 2) its origin, and 3) the history of words for ‘ax’ in other languages and the possibility that OE adesa is akin to Hitt ates‡. 1. The OE forms of adz(e) are adesa (m) and adese (f) (recorded once). Adesa < adosa < adusa (Mercian) is due to the Old English rule of dissimilation of two back vowels in unstressed syllables; eadesa in the Vespasian Psalter has ea < *æ by velar umlaut (SB [sec 50, note 1, and sec 142]; Luick [1964:sec 342, note 1; 347]; A.

The entries on clover, ivy, beacon, and dwarf demonstrate the treatment of the less isolated words of English. Man has cognates in Indo-Iranian and Slavic. Words with broad Indo-European connections, such as kin terms and ancient numerals, have not been included. The same holds for unquestionable borrowings even from other Germanic languages, but the question of language contacts turns up in the history of many words with obscure history. See the entries on flatter, fuck, gawk, girl, rabbit, and strumpet.

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An Analytic Dictionary of English Etymology: An Introduction by Anatoly Liberman

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