America's First Frogman: The Draper Kauffman Story by Elizabeth Kauffman Bush PDF

By Elizabeth Kauffman Bush

ISBN-10: 1591140986

ISBN-13: 9781591140986

Even if undesirable eyesight stored him from receiving a fee within the U.S. military while he graduated from the Naval Academy in 1933, Draper Kauffman grew to become a hero of underwater demolition in global conflict II and went directly to a unusual naval profession. this day Admiral Kauffman is remembered because the nation's first frogman and the daddy of the army Seals. His fabulous wartime carrier disarming enemy bombs, developing bomb disposal faculties, and organizing and top the Navy's first demolition devices is the point of interest of this biography written through Kauffman's sister. Elizabeth Kauffman Bush, who is also the aunt of President George W. Bush, attracts on relations papers in addition to army files to inform Kauffman's tale for the 1st time. decided to safeguard the reason for freedom lengthy earlier than the U.S. ever entered the warfare, Kauffman used to be taken prisoner by means of the Germans as an ambulance motive force in France, and after his free up joined the Royal army to defuse delayed-action bombs throughout the London blitz. After Pearl Harbor his eyes have been deemed sufficient and he used to be given a fee within the U.S. Naval Reserve. along with his adventure, he was once requested to set up an underwater demolition tuition in citadel Pierce, Florida, the place he individually educated males to defuse bombs and neutralize different submerged risks. His males have been despatched to demolish the hindrances put in via the Nazis at Normandy, and Kauffman himself led underwater demolition groups within the Pacific at Saipan, Tinian, and Guam and later directed UDT operations at Iwo Jima and Okinawa. His males keep in mind him as a very good chief who led by means of instance. He expert and fought along them, impervious to risk. a result of excessive criteria he set in the event you grew to become "frogmen,"thousands of yankee lives have been stored in international struggle II, Korea, and Vietnam. Draper Kauffman's early tested UDT traditions of perseverance, teamwork, and an enduring brotherhood of fellows of amazing braveness is carried on by way of military Seals. this is often his legacy to the U.S. army and his state.

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Extra resources for America's First Frogman: The Draper Kauffman Story

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On the German-Finnish side, the net barrier was laid in the same place as in 1943, and a system of strong minefields similar to the preceding year's was in place on either side of Suursaari in a wide semi-circle around the Soviet island base of Lavansaari. The ice disappeared early: on 5 March German patrol boats took up positions in the Gulf of Finland. On 9 March, they were attacked by • 38 Soviet planes for the first time. As in the previous years a kind of slow-motion running fight developed, the Russians trying to break through the minefields, the Germans guarding and defending them.

Enough reinforcements could be sent to the eastern part, however, to keep the Russian successes at a tolerably low level. The attacks of the Soviet Air Force did more harm than the submarines. The air tactics will be described in context in the following section. Here it may be said that the air staffs greatly overestimated the actual successes of their attacks. l3 As far as can be ascertained the actual figures were: one steamer and M-3113 sunk, six ships (five steamers, one submarine) heavily damaged, eight vessels damaged by fragments or near misses.

It is' somewhat surprising that the German artillery did not succeed in putting out of action the ships that often shelled German positions. For the Finnish and the German navies, the main task was to prevent the Soviet submarines from attacking their vital traffic outside the Gulf of Finland. 6 million GRT, and over 400,000 soldiers had been transported by sea. As soon as the ice situation permitted, Germans and Finns laid extensive minefields, practically in the same positions as in 1942. ' The Storozhevoy-c1ass destroyers, one of which is shown here in company with two Fugas-c1ass minesweepers and a Beriyev MBR-2 flyingboat, were the most modern Soviet destroyers of the period, enough, however, that mines were no impenetrable obstruction for the submarines.

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America's First Frogman: The Draper Kauffman Story by Elizabeth Kauffman Bush

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