By Virgil J. Vogel
The aim of this ebook, says the writer, is to teach the impact of Indian medicinal practices on white civilization. really it achieves way more. It discusses Indian theories of ailment and techniques of fighting ailment or even is going into the query of which illnesses have been indigenous and that have been delivered to the Indian through the white guy. It additionally lists Indian medicines that experience gained attractiveness within the Pharmacopeia of the U.S. and the nationwide Formulary.The effect of yank Indian therapeutic arts at the medication and therapeutic and pharmacology of the white guy was once significant. for instance, such medicinal drugs as insulin and penicillin have been expected in rudimentary shape through the aborigines. Coca leaves have been used as narcotics through Peruvian Indians hundreds of thousands of years earlier than Carl Koller first used cocaine as an area anesthetic in 1884. All jointly, approximately a hundred and seventy medicinal drugs, generally botanical, have been contributed to the legitimate compendia by means of Indians north of the Rio Grande, approximately 50 extra coming from natives of the Latin-American and Caribbean regions.Impressions and attitudes of early explorers, settlers, physicians, botanists, and others relating to Indian healing practices are suggested through nation-states, with British, French, and Spanish colonies and the younger usa individually treated.Indian theories of disease—sorcery, taboo violation, spirit intrusion, soul loss, unfulfilled goals and needs, etc -and shamanistic practices used to wrestle them are defined. equipment of treating all types of injuries-from fractures to snakebite-and even surgical procedure are integrated. The impact of Indian therapeutic lore upon people or family drugs, in addition to at the "Indian medical professionals" and patent medications, are mentioned. For the benefit of the reader, an index of botanical names is supplied, including a wide selection of illustrations. The disproportionate consciousness that has been given to the superstitious and unscientific positive aspects of aboriginal medication has tended to imprecise its actual contributions to American civilization.
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More than two hundred years after Carrier's experience, James Lind, a British naval surgeon, having read of this incident, launched the experiments which proved the dietary basis of scurvy. For a long time our ethnic arrogance foreclosed any serious attention to the medical knowledge which the "savages" might have. Our ancestors were repelled by the "superstitious rites" which often accompanied the native curing procedures, and shrank from the notion that an "uncivilized'' race might have something to teach them.
Huron H. 17 Some ethnologists have understated the extent of Indian medical discoveries. 18 Walter James Hoffman, who was initiated into the Midewiwin or Grand Medicine Society in both the Ojibwa and Menominee tribes, was convinced that the efficacious Indian remedies had been learned from whites: When there is an administration of a remedy for a given complaint, based upon true scientific principles, it is only in consequence of such practice having been acquired from the whites, as it has usually been the custom of the Catholic Fathers to utilize all ordinary and available remedies for the treatment of the common disorders of life.
By Martin de la Cruz and Juannes Badianus. This was probably the first herbal written in America after the Conquest, and was composed and illustrated in the year 1552 by two Aztec apothecaries who had been educated by the Spanish priests. 8 Ralph L. Roys, The Ethno-Botany of the Maya. 9Herman Boehaave's Materia Medica: or, a Series of Prescriptions Adapted to the Sections of his Practical Aphorisms Concerning the Knowledge and Cure of Diseases, 96, 108, 121, 185. Page 8 wherewith thei doe cure and make whole many infirmities, which if wee did lacke them, thei were incurable, and without any remedie .
American Indian Medicine by Virgil J. Vogel