By David E. Stannard
For 400 years-from the 1st Spanish attacks opposed to the Arawak humans of Hispaniola within the 1490s to the U.S. Army's bloodbath of Sioux Indians at Wounded Knee within the 1890s—the indigenous population of North and South the US persevered an endless firestorm of violence. in the course of that point the local inhabitants of the Western Hemisphere declined through as many as a hundred million humans. certainly, as historian David E. Stannard argues during this attractive new ebook, the ecu and white American destruction of the local peoples of the Americas was once the main sizeable act of genocide within the heritage of the world.
Stannard starts with a portrait of the large richness and variety of lifestyles within the Americas sooner than Columbus's fateful voyage in 1492. He then follows the trail of genocide from the Indies to Mexico and critical and South the United States, then north to Florida, Virginia, and New England, and at last out around the nice Plains and Southwest to California and the North Pacific Coast. Stannard unearths that at any place Europeans or white american citizens went, the local humans have been stuck among imported plagues and barbarous atrocities, generally leading to the annihilation of ninety five percentage in their populations. what sort of humans, he asks, do such horrendous issues to others? His hugely provocative resolution: Christians. Digging deeply into historical ecu and Christian attitudes towards intercourse, race, and battle, he unearths the cultural floor ready by way of the top of the center a long time for the centuries-long genocide crusade that Europeans and their descendants launched-and in locations proceed to wage-against the recent World's unique population. Advancing a thesis that's absolute to create a lot controversy, Stannard contends that the perpetrators of the yankee Holocaust drew at the comparable ideological wellspring as did the later architects of the Nazi Holocaust.
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Additional info for American Holocaust: Colombus and the Conquest of the New World
The basalt, on the other hand, was available from quarries in the Tuxtla Mountains, a little more than fifty miles away. 49 Before the dawn of the West's Christian era another great city was forming well north of the Olmec region and to the east of the Lake of the Moon-Teotihuacan.
Perhaps the best way to convey some sense of these multitudes and varieties of culture is simply to note that a recent listing of the extant Indian peoples of North America produced a compi lation of nearly 800 separate nations-about half of which are formally recognized by the United States as semi-sovereign political entities-but then cautioned that the list "is not exhaustive with regard to their subdi visions or alternate names. " 43 In the same way that in the villages and towns and nations of other continents�£ Asia and Africa and Europe-the social structures and po litical networks and resource production systems of different communities varied greatly from place to place and from time to time, so too was there astounding diversity and multiformity among North America's aboriginal peoples.
For example, notes 30 AMERI CAN H O LOCAUST Charlevoix: "A mother on seeing her daughter behave ill bursts into tears; and upon the other's asking her the cause of it, all the answer she makes is, Thou dishonourest me. " 37 The most violent act of disapproba tion that a parent might use on a misbehaving child, Charlevoix and other visitors observed, was the tossing of a little water in the child's face, a gesture obviously intended more to embarrass than to harm. Children, not surprisingly, learned to tum the tables on their parents.
American Holocaust: Colombus and the Conquest of the New World by David E. Stannard