By Libby Roderick
Making up greater than ten percentage of Alaska's inhabitants, local Alaskans are the state's biggest minority crew. but so much non-Native Alaskans be aware of unusually little concerning the histories and cultures in their indigenous acquaintances, or in regards to the vital concerns they face. This concise booklet compiles commonly asked questions and offers informative and available responses that make clear a few universal misconceptions. With responses composed via students in the represented groups and reviewed through a panel of specialists, this easy-to-read compendium goals to facilitate a deeper exploration and richer dialogue of the complicated and compelling matters which are a part of Alaska local existence at the present time. (20110301)
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Extra resources for Alaska Native Cultures and Issues: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions
However, most of the Alaska Native leadership today believes that, given mainstream ignorance about the importance and meaning of subsistence to Alaska Native peoples, they are unlikely to secure stronger definitions in Congress in the foreseeable future. The government definitions of subsistence involve the use of, and access to, sources of wild foods. ” Vera Spein at her fish camp near Kwethluk. 31 The use of the term “rural preference” rather than “Alaska Native preference,” was an attempt to skirt the potential legal issue of allocating public resources to a specific ethnic group, despite widespread acknowledgement that Alaska’s Native peoples have depended upon, and continue to depend upon, fish, wildlife, and habitat in Alaska for at least ten thousand years.
Among other things, ANILCA enlarged the amount of land set aside for protection, creating over 100 million acres of conservation lands. This act almost immediately turned many Alaska Native lands into “in-holdings” surrounded by newly minted parks, monuments, etc. ” What does all this have to do with the original question? I am hoping to provide a larger framework for a “Over 300 million acres of Native responsible discussion of ANCSA economic development activities. Over three hundred million acres of Native lands lands were taken under ANCSA were taken under ANCSA for which we received far less for which we received far less than fair market value.
It took time expertise—can be ameliorated by Native approaches, and for science to catch up with what the that some of the cutting edge developments in western science (such as complex systems and chaos theory) have preElders were telling us. We need existing parallels in Native ways of thinking. ” in extreme climates; (2) how, when, and where to access Nelson Angapak subsistence foods; (3) daily and seasonal weather patterns; (4) sustainable food harvesting techniques and strategies; (5) wildlife biology and behavior patterns; (6) how to adapt to climactic changes; (7) complex natural interrelationships; (8) abnormal natural phenomena in the context of long time periods; and (9) qualitative historical knowledge and information of the natural world.
Alaska Native Cultures and Issues: Responses to Frequently Asked Questions by Libby Roderick