By Andrew P. Wickens
A heritage of the Brain tells the complete tale of neuroscience, from antiquity to the current day. It describes how we have now come to appreciate the organic nature of the mind, starting in prehistoric occasions, and progressing to the 20th century with the advance of contemporary Neuroscience.
This is the 1st time a historical past of the mind has been written in a story method, emphasizing how our realizing of the mind and fearful approach has built over the years, with the improvement of the disciplines of anatomy, pharmacology, body structure, psychology and neurosurgery. The booklet covers:
- beliefs in regards to the mind in old Egypt, Greece and Rome
- the Medieval interval, Renaissance and Enlightenment
- the 19th century
- the most vital advances within the 20th century and destiny instructions in neuroscience.
The discoveries resulting in the advance of recent neuroscience gave upward push to at least one of the main intriguing and interesting tales within the entire of technology. Written for readers with out earlier wisdom of the mind or heritage, the e-book will pride scholars, and also will be of significant curiosity to researchers and teachers with an curiosity in knowing how we've got arrived at our current wisdom of the brain.
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Extra info for A History of the Brain: From Stone Age surgery to modern neuroscience
This leads to the doctrine of monism (the opposite of dualism) as it proposes the physical structure of the brain must give rise to the mind. Others, however, have pointed out that Aristotle’s concept of the psyche retains some ‘spiritual-like’ properties since it can not be reduced to any material substance. Thus, it can be best regarded as a form of vitalism – the view that living organisms contain a special non-physical force that distinguishes them from inanimate objects. The later theory, in various manifestations, was to be a popular one up until the nineteenth century.
M. Cornford, Trans). Harcourt Brace: New York. P. A. (2009) The anatomic location of the soul from the heart, through the brain, to the whole body and beyond: A journey through Western history, science and philosophy. Neurosurgery, 65, 633–643. P. M. (1997) Trepanation: Old world and new world. H. ) A History of Neurosurgery. American Association of Neurosurgeons: Park Ridge. Singer, C. (1957) A Short History of Anatomy and Physiology from the Greeks to Harvey. Dover: New York. J. (1991) Death in Ancient Egypt.
Although referred to as tonoi (strings) it is clear the Hippocratic writers regarded their function as similar to veins. Similarly, in Fleshes, two ﬁne ‘veins’ running from the brain to the eyes are described which must have been the optic nerves (as observed by Alcmaeon). Again, their true signiﬁcance was not realised. In fact, it would be another hundred years or so, before anatomists in Alexandria who were allowed to practise human dissection for the ﬁrst time, ﬁnally gained an understanding of the nervous system (see next chapter).
A History of the Brain: From Stone Age surgery to modern neuroscience by Andrew P. Wickens