By Christopher Corèdon
An curiosity within the heart a long time usually brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a observe or time period which isn't understood or in simple terms imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that: it's been designed to be of actual aid to basic readers and experts alike. The dictionary includes a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the criminal and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of lifestyle. Latin used to be the language of the church, legislations and executive, and plenty of Latin phrases illustrated listed here are usually present in glossy books of background of the interval; equally, the appropriate that means of previous English and heart English phrases might elude present day reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that figuring out the foundation and evolution of a notice provides a greater figuring out. There also are examples of medieval phrases and words nonetheless in use this day, one other relief to clarifying that means. CHRISTOPHER COREDON has additionally compiled the Dictionary of Cybernyms. Dr ANN WILLIAMS, old advisor at the undertaking, was once till her retirement Senior Lecturer in medieval historical past on the Polytechnic of North London.
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Additional info for A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
They are born of a *villein and a *naif’. Bracton also says a bondsman ‘is procreated of an unmarried naif though of a free father, for he follows the condition of his mother’ married or unmarried, whether they are under the *potestas of a lord or outside it. – Cf. next; Bonda Bondus. e. a *villein. Its use suggests a wish to abandon the old word with its negative connotations of a person unfree. The Latin term for this person’s status was bondagium, replacing villanagium. Bondacra was the acre of land held by a bondus.
Fr. avant = before, forward + garde = guard] Avawmbrace. See Vambrace 1 Avellon. Her. A cross composed of four *filberts touching each other. Filberts were sometimes referred to as avellons, after Avella, in the Italian Campania, where they grew copiously. Avenagium. The Latin word for a rent paid to a lord in oats. [< L avena = oats, straw] – Cf. next Avenary. The largest department of the king’s household, with a staff of between 100 and 200 grooms and valets. , and also those of visitors.
OFr. babuin = grimace, baboon; ME babywynrie = something monstrous] – Cf. previous; Bagwyn; Bestiary; Blemmya; Cynocephalus; Gryllus Babylon. Geography in medieval Europe was rudimentary. In this period Cairo was known in the West as Babylon. China was thought to be at the source of the Nile, as its silk was shipped down that river to Babylon/Cairo. 27 a dictionary of medieval terms and phrases The Western name derives from classical usage: the Roman fortress, next to which al-Kahirah was founded, was called Babylon-on-the-Nile.
A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases by Christopher Corèdon